What Is Scope?

What Is Scope?

Defining the extent of discovery for an ediscovery matter Scope describes the extent of discovery that the parties — sometimes with the court’s intervention — agree to produce in a case. Scope is generally defined by Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(b)(1). It...
What Is Bates Numbering?

What Is Bates Numbering?

Identifying specific pages in a production for quick and accurate reference What is Bates numbering? In a modest 30,000-page ediscovery production, in which 5,000 pages are tables, lawyers and courts need a way to refer to the exact table found on the eleventh page of...
What Is Forensically Sound Data Collection?

What Is Forensically Sound Data Collection?

Defending collection processes in court Forensically sound data collection refers to the process by which data is collected for ediscovery without any changes to the data or its metadata. Collection itself is part of the second stage of the ediscovery process, in...
What Is Document Review?

What Is Document Review?

Defining the document review phase of ediscovery What is document review? Also known as simply review, document review is the stage of the EDRM in which organizations examine documents connected to a litigation matter to determine if they are relevant, responsive, or...
What Is Proportionality?

What Is Proportionality?

Limiting the extent of ediscovery based on the needs of the case. What is proportionality in ediscovery? In essence, proportionality represents a global cost-benefit analysis, whereby the court considers the needs of the case and weighs the importance of information...
What Is Technology-Assisted Review or TAR?

What Is Technology-Assisted Review or TAR?

Using computers and AI to aid in ediscovery review What is technology-assisted review (TAR) or computer-assisted review (CAR)? Both terms refer to an approach within the document review phase of ediscovery that leverages computer algorithms to identify and tag...
What Is a Trigger Event?

What Is a Trigger Event?

How to determine when to enact a litigation response plan What is a trigger event? A trigger event is an indicator to an ediscovery professional that a litigation matter or regulatory investigation is likely to follow, when then triggers the duty to preserve...
What Is an Internal Investigation?

What Is an Internal Investigation?

Learn how organizations assess allegations of misconduct and more What is an internal investigation? Generally speaking, an internal investigation is exactly what it sounds like: an inquiry into an organization’s internal operations. These frequently involve...
What is ECA or Early Case Assessment?

What is ECA or Early Case Assessment?

Defining early case assessment for ediscovery and litigation matters What is ECA? Unlike some ediscovery terminology, ECA, or early case assessment, is open to interpretation: it can be whatever an organization needs it to be. The core definition of ECA is that it is...